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THERE EXISTS SOME CONTROVERSY AMONG HISTORIANS about when this celebrated figure of the Mexican Revolution was born and when he died. Even his name, D. Guadalupe Victoria, is surrounded with a shroud of controversy. Many people believe that his real name was Manuel Félix Fernández. The speculations as to his date of birth fall between the years 1785 and 1789. Contemporary historians are inclined to believe the later. A descendante of D. Guadalupe Victoria affirms that he was born in the state of Durango, on September 29, 1785 to Mr. Manuel Fernández and Mrs. Alejandra Félix and that Victoria's real name was José Miguel Ramón Adaucto Fernández y Félix. Whatever Victoria's real name may have been, today he is known and lauded as D. Guadalupe Victoria, a name of his own invention.
IN SPITE OF THE CONTROVERSY ABOUT HIS NAME, this distinguished fighter for Mexican independence is characterized by his fear-inspiring courage which has given birth to many legends and tales. But legends and tales are not necessary for this soldier. His name alone is of such importance that it stands out in Mexican history without the need for legends to embellish the truth. In October of 1824, after the fall of Iturbe's rule, he was elected to become the first president of the Republic of Mexico. There were numerous problems to overcome, but this brave patriot fought for his country. As legend has it, he died on March 21, 1843 in a convent called "El Desierto" (The Desert), where he had gone to find peace in the midst of the trouble of this world.
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